​Poverty and Corruption Anticorruptology Home / Anticorruptology / ​Poverty and Corruption
2016 11:43
Poverty is a condition which is determined by the human life style. More specifically, poverty is measured on the basis of a person’s fulfillment of his minimum requirements, his consumption and ratio of his income. It is clear that democratic community cannot fulfill its fundamental needs despite being within a boundary of organized society. The main problem of such type of community is poverty itself. The nature of poverty varies according to the place, tim, societies and changing circumstances among others. Moreover, geography, time and ecology determine the situation, nature and trait of poverty. Poverty itself creates poverty and may promote different trends of crime as well.
Let us discuss about the poverty line before going into its types. It helps to understand and analyze poverty.

A person or community is regarded poor, when they have less than required to fulfill minimum needs. The criteria to determine the poverty line are different depending to the situation, time and condition of a country. The level of minimum income is considered as poverty line.
Types of Poverty:
Poverty itself cannot determine the status of a person or community. There are different types of poverty. They are as follows:

1.   Absolute poverty,
2.   Relative poverty,
3.   Ultra poverty.
1.   Absolute poverty:
It is a condition of extreme deprivation of required daily goods and services. Those who do not have minimum income to fulfill their fundamental needs like food, clothing, shelter, health service and education are considered in absolute poverty.

2.   Relative poverty:
When a person, group or community is poorer than another person, group or community, it is considered a relative poverty. This type of poverty is found emerging from inequality among various countries. Relative poverty is that condition where basic needs of a person or a community are fulfilled but they are deprived for prosperous life opportunity.

3.   Ultra Poverty:
It is the worse condition than absolute poverty. Those who are deprived of the opportunity for human development belong to ultra-poverty. Ultra poor persons or communities are regarded as a barrier to development.
Corruption and poverty:
All types of poverty absolute, relative and ultra-play a vital role in the corrupt activities. Where there is deprivation, there is a temptation to fulfill the wants. When it is not done easily, human beings look around for a way out. In this situation, nobody thinks of good and bad, legal and illegal, moral and immoral, faithful and faithless. Such types of person can take any decision to meet their basic needs.
An empty stomach cannot hold morality and good conduct. It is not possible for a poor guy to take stand for interest of people and nation by forgetting his/ her miserable condition. People cannot however digest such steps taken by the poor for their welfare. The opportunist commits petty and grand corruption by taking advantage from the poor. The development project directly concerned with local development and people could be the good example of it. Moreover, cost of a vote is determined during election. Ignorance increases poverty and poverty shades off decision capacity. This type of poor condition directly or indirectly promotes corruption. Thus, poverty alleviation is a fundamental basis for the controlling of corruption. The absolute and ultra-poverty should be upgraded into relative poverty to control corrupted characters and activities from a person and a society.
The person or society which or who can fulfill fundamental needs which or who has minimum purchasing capacity to fulfill these needs and minimum sources of income to achieve that purchasing capacity can be regarded as being in relative poverty. Therefore, a state system should implement the plans and policies to transform absolute and ultra-poverty into the relative poverty. Along with economic improvement activities, health and education activities should to be executed for poverty eradication.
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