Definition of anticorruptology Anticorruptology Home / Anticorruptology / Definition of anticorruptology
02
May
2016 02:58
Anticorruptology is the scientific study of anti-corruption. This means, it is a science against corruption. Science is the pinnacle of knowledge to be studied continuously. In other words anticorruptology is ultimately verified knowledge of anti-corruption. Anticorruptology should be defined on the basis of knowledge and its significance. Its identity should be established by analyzing and interpreting its importance. Established in this way, anticorruptology has to be defined as a science of anticorruption. The various subject matters, policies and principles practiced at different periods of time in course of anticorruption movement are compiled here for the definition of anticorruptology.
  1. Corruption is imitative in nature. A corrupt activity by one is infectious to another person. Such type of imitation can be controlled.
  2. Corruption is a social disease, more clearly it is a fatal disease. As it is a disease, it can be cured. Medicines are required to cure diseases. Such type of medicines are made in universities. Anticorruptology itself is the controlling factor of corruption.
  3. Corruption is a social problem. It is studied with the methodology of studying social problems. Thus, like other social sciences, anticorruptology can be analyzed as a social science.
  4. Corruption is like a catalytic bacteria of communicable diseases in medical science. It is caused by bacterial infection.  As a communicable disease can be cured, so is corruption controlled gradually.
  5. Like the dynamic state of water i.e. liquid, gas and solid analyzed by physics, corruption is also changed into liquid, gas and solid. Thus, there are similar characteristics in both corruption and water. Like water, corruption also goes from higher to lower surface and maintains its own state at a certain point.
  6. Corruption cannot be visible vividly but can be felt and experienced. It can be balanced in a controlled state.
  7. Corruption creates political instability. This instability hinders the development at first. When development is blocked, there is scarcity. Scarcity creates social conflict. And conflict, in turn, provokes political instability. This cyclic system is studied in anticorruptology.
  8. Non-governmental organizations should not be activated in developing countries because clever and skillful persons can run parallel governments by taking advantage of a large number of poor, unemployed people and weaken state the mechanism.
  9. Both corrupt persons and corruption promoters are criminals. Both of them should be penalized. They should be boycotted and castigated by the society.
  10. It is difficult for a court to determine the intention of an individual. But corrupt intention can easily be detected by a court of law to ascertain crime and provide justice.
  11. Just making policy, rules and regulations is not sufficient to run the administrative system but they need to be monitored, supervised and evaluated. There should not be impunity. The offender should be penalized and dutiful persons be rewarded.
  12. Collecting money directly or indirectly by political parties in the name of donation andor grant is corruption. It should be desisted.
  13. Corruption has a magnetic power to attract anybody, anytime and anywhere. As it is related to property, it has power of attraction.
  14. Corruption is the enemy of democracy in the present context. Corruption has been proved a danger for ideal democracy. Anticorruptology is the only means to defeat the enemy of democracy.
  15. Corrupt persons are treacherous for the nation. They are anti-nationalist and act as a barrier for social development. They should be punished and boycotted from society.
  16. If the government does not give priority to anti-corruption activities, it will lose its effectiveness and popularity.
  17. If political parties are run with ill-gained money, they will lose their popularity, ideology and credibility.
  18. Corruption begins from bland business sectors. Bland business is only a profit-making profession. Systematic acts and laws can regulate the business sectors.
  19. So long as all the misdeeds in the administrative system are not identified and gradually corrected, the administration cannot be efficient and effective as per our requirements.
  20. Only when the state apparatus delivers the services as per legal provisions, the widespread pollution in administrative system can be controlled.
  21. Corruption creates political crisis and economic chaos. Similarly, it promotes crisis of faith in society. In this context, guidelines should be given to maintain trust in the society.
  22. Governments come and go in democracy. The administrative system is the permanent wing of the state. Only with an efficient work culture, the administration can continue transparently.
  23. Capable and proficient leadership is required for good governance. And a proficient administration needs qualified and honest administrators. They are complementary to each other.
  24. The state provides facilities, power and privileges to the persons working in administration. They also have duties and responsibilities as assigned by the law. They are called civil servants and/or national servants. They should be disciplined, sincere, loyal, moral, responsible, dutiful and capable in commensurate with special facilities provided to get the works done.
  25. The administration cannot be systematic and functionary when it lacks reliability, capability and competency. If the people do not get services from the administrative system, the government mechanism is defamed in short period of time.
  26. Corruption cannot be completely eradicated but it can be controlled. We can develop technology to control corruption. Complete control of corruption is its eradication both.
  27. If expert manpower in anticorruptology is provided, corruption can be controlled in the developing and developed countries.
  28. Dual policy and ambiguous law should not be enacted. The law should punish the criminals; and there should be clear provision in law to punish the criminals.
  29. No one is born corrupt and criminal. But the society, environment, social behavior and culture may lead him/her to a wrong path. Such negative character can be turned into positive direction.
  30. Corrupt people and mafias emerge from dishonest political sector. When they have decisive role in politics, all sectors along with politics become corrupt.
  31. The weak legal system increases corruption. The legal system itself should control the corruption.
  32. A person must not acquire unjustifiable property. If they acquire more than their fair earnings, the existing law should punish them immediately.
  33. Corruption is a bad character. Only powerful persons have such ill characters. Such ill character cannot persist for a long time.
  34. Every crime is committed with due plan. All the crimes leave some evidence enabling the government to investigate and find the culprits. The same evidence proves the crime.
  35. The people are poor, weak and innocent in developing countries. They need to be educated to make them vigilant.
  36. Absolute democracy cannot be established unless majority of the people are educated. Only conscious people can expose the wrong deeds of the governing authority.
  37. The crime can only be controlled by law. Thus, strict law should be made to control corruption.
  38. The non-government organizations working in developing countries may be involved in corruption. Such organizations should continuously be under surveillance of the state.
  39. Immediate, short term and long term plan should be executed to control corruption.
  40. Both the giver and receiver of bribe are corrupt. The law should punish both the parties.
  41. Bribe giver and taker, abuser of authority and those who attempt to misuse the property of the state by misinterpreting the law should come within the parameter of corruption. The state should make provision to punish them.
  42. There should be legal provision that every citizen should have right to register the case against grand and petty corruption.
  43. The law should make provision to bring all individual and public personnel within the parameter of corruption. Similarly, the law should have provision to investigate the corruption cases and bring them to book.
  44. Corruption is developed in organized way in the country where politics is unstable. When corruption is developed in an organized manner, the people and country become weak. Such situation should immediately be eliminated.
  45. When morality, honesty and faith decline in society, it is spoiled very badly.
  46. As democratic countries are run with the rule of law, politics should handle the administrative system by rule of law as well.
  47. The administrative sector should be responsible, dutiful and accountable. It should be improved as a whole.
  48. There must not be impunity in administration. The concept of reward for best performer and punishment for worst performer makes it service-oriented and disciplined.
  49. Yellow journalism creates instability in politics. Instability provokes corruption. Yellow journalism is a curse for democracy. So, it should be discouraged.
  50. Policy corruption is more fatal than financial corruption. Political parties are responsible for policy corruption. As the state affair is run by the political parties, there is more possibility of making policy for the benefit of one’s party and its cadre at the cost of national interest. Such type of political party should be penalized.
  51. Positivity should be developed in citizens. Positivity leads to rationality. Rationality helps to make an ideal society.
  52. Politics should control the administrative corruption. On the other hand, there should be provision of controlling politics by people.
  53. The persons involved in state mechanism should essentially be transparent, honest and moral. If they become opportunists, immoral and dishonest, the standard of living of the people cannot be raised. When their living standard is not raised, they rise in rebellion. Thus, the governance body should be responsible for that.
  54. Political disorder causes instability. Instability begets mistrust and it links up with selfishness. Moral society should be managed to eliminate mistrust and selfishness.
  55. Political environment cannot be stable without control of corruption. National development is not possible in instable political environment. The living standard cannot be raised without economic development of the country. It is not called democracy where the living standard of people is very poor. Therefore, to make democracy sustainable, corruption should be controlled.
  56. The trend of collecting donation by political parties in the name of election expenses has promoted corruption. The political parties must not be allowed to receive or collect election expenses.
  57. The corrupt people do not regard commission as corruption. But transaction of commission is no doubt corruption. This trend should completely be controlled.
  58. When corruption extends its realm in an organized form, all the intellectuals, thinkers, journalists and nationalists should blow whistles, advocate and write against the corrupt activity.
  59. As the country and civil society enter into a new era, corruption also changes its nature and becomes more complicated. The mechanism should be developed to control such crimes.
  60. The donor countries have ill-intentions while providing grant and/or loan to the developing countries. Such intentions give rise to corruption. The donor countries should also be brought within the parameter of corruption.
  61. The state power is very weak in countries where smuggling persist. In such countries, poverty is high and the people face severe scarcity of resources. Consequently, there is a great gap between haves and have-nots, which may lead to terrorism. Thus, smuggling should also be controlled as it is directly or indirectly related to corruption. However, it is very difficult to control corruption in such countries.
Anticorruptology cannot be meaningful only with the above-mentioned points. Relevant points used in the book also should be inclusive as definition. Along with this the time factor and research study appropriate to the demand of trust society should be addressed in the definition.
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