​Neo-Colonialism Anticorruptology Home / Anticorruptology / ​Neo-Colonialism
2016 11:50
Colonialism began in this world with the starting of the state system. The concept of colonialism was initiated with the agreement based on power between two countries for the political, economic, social and military balance. A powerful state influences another less powerful state and controls the natural and human resources. Then exploitation was started in the resources and labour force of that powerless state. Not only that the powerless countries had to pay direct tax to the powerful countries as well. That anciently practiced culture was transferred and the powerful countries started to handle the state affair itself of the powerless countries. The United Kingdom could directly rule over present USA and other small and great countries and established its boundaries in different corners of the earth. Similarly, other European countries like France, Germany, Spain, and Portugal also colonialized over various countries of South America, Africa and Asia for a long period.
Due to the political renaissance during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the colonialized countries economically, socially and politically got freedom. But, those countries have not been completely free and sovereign. The powerless countries have got rid of direct political interference. At present, the powerful countries seem to be liberal in direct political interference. But, due to their autocratic trait, they are attempting to establish neo-colonialism in this or that manner.
The powerful countries have adopted different methods to establish neo-colonialism for retaining their influence .The different methods of establishing neo-colonialism are as follows:

1.   Economic temptation,
2.   Social attraction,
3.   Cultural change,
4.   Political Pressure,
5.   Diplomatic mobility or trick.
1.   Economic Temptation :
To create the economic temptation in the developing countries, the developed countries provide loan, direct economic assistance grant, concession of loan and so on to gradually make the developing countries economically and mentally weak. The countries are being cheated by the World Bank and other international banks in the name of economic assistance. Furthermore, the mission and organization attached with a political party provide economic temptation to buy favors. Within this policy, the following methods are followed.

     a.   Providing direct economic grant for a specific project.
     b.   Providing economic assistance from non- governmental organization to achieve specific objectives.
     c.   Providing assistance from financial organizations to conduct a specific task.
     d.   Providing maximum economic assistance to the intellectuals of economically weak countries and making them advocate their ideology.
     e.   Providing economic assistance to the political leaders personally.
In this way, the developed countries have vested interest to weaken the poor countries by providing financial assistance.

2.   Social Attraction  :
Developed countries conduct various policies and plans to change the norm and belief of developing countries. They introduce social-welfare programmes to change the customs, social behaviour, culture, social thought of poor countries in tune with their interest. They raise the issues of un-touchable and sexual discrimination as an extreme slogan among the people of poor countries.
The structure and development of a society is determined by the traditional social customs and established culture. The activities in society are guided by and limited to the social values and custom. Thus, de-culture will appear while changing the structure of society. When society can’t abandon the established culture and accept the newly introduced custom, there arises a transition society. It may damage the natural culture that has been practiced for a long time.

3.    Cultural change :
Powerful and developed countries attempt to erode the culture of poor countries to dominate them with their cultural values. To fulfill their target of changing other’s culture, they finance various plans and programmes to vilify other’s religion, customs, social behaviours, values and belief of the poor countries.
They conduct the programmes in the following manner.

     a.   Deploying religious mechanism for special influence of their religion in the poor countries. They may try for religious conversion also.
     b.   Imposing the language of developed countries in the poor countries.
     c.   Propogating its fashion in the poor countries to displace the traditional customs.
     d.   The developed countries are attempting to dismiss the festivals, ceremonies, social traditions of the poor countries. Gradually, the social behaviour in the poor countries are changed according to the wish of developing countries.
4.   Political Pressure:
Developed countries pressurize the developing countries to adopt their political system whether it is good or bad, successful or unsuccessful. The rich countries penetrate the politically ambitious persons of poor countries and attempt to introduce political system of their choice. Any political system can be implemented with the slogan of democracy, republic or liberalism and so on. Different political systems opposed to social welfare have been implemented in the poor countries but they have not lasted long.
Whether political system of the developed countries has promoted in that country or not welfare is a separate issue of study. Economic development is not regarded as the total development. It is only one aspect of social development. Besides, social, cultural, moral awareness are equally important. That awareness can be possible only by following the principle of anticorruptology.
Different forms of political pressure are as follows:

     a.   Implementation of political principle word by word,
     b.   Infiltration to create unstable political system,
     c.   Unfair relationship with the neighboring countries,
     d.   Grant for economic development,
     e.   Social and cultural interference.
a.   Implementation of Political Principle word by word:-
Powerful countries pressurize the poor countries for adopting a political system of their choice. They can implement the system according to their desire in the poor countries. They exercise influence in the poor countries by implementing a political system in which only the conscious and educated people get benefited against the majority of the population.

b.   Infiltration to create unstable political system :-
Various means of infiltration are conducted to cause political instability in the poor countries. The developed countries have a policy to create instability in the poor countries by influencing political leaders, providing economic assistance or to run the political parties. If they can’t extend their access to the political leaders, they provide financial assistance to the intellectuals of poor countries and make them their spokesmen. Not only that they provide financial support to the mass media also. They intentionally disseminate propaganda and weaken the morale of nationalists of the poor countries. They also provoke agitating groups.

c.   Unfair relationship with the neighboring countries:-
The developed countries pursue an unfair relationship with the neighboring countries to sustain their influence. The rich countries attempt to control the poor countries by eschewing ethical principles.

d.   Grant for economic development:-
Rich countries provide grant for economic development to the poor countries. They provide loan or grant with certain conditions. Because of the, Poor countries are always grateful to the rich countries on that account. Rich countries utilize all natural resources of the poor countries, exploit them and make the poor countries poorer.

e.   Social and cultural Interference:-
Interference by the developed countries vitiates the social, cultural situations of the poor countries. The western countries plan to destroy the civilization, culture, religion upheld by the oriental society. But their attempt cannot be successful. Their activities suffer surely make the poor countries.

5.   Diplomatic mobility or trick:-
Diplomacy was started in the world with the existence of state. Diplomatic dealing refers to the etiquette manner in the outer behavior but no matter what the internal interest is. A meaningful diplomacy should be adopted to make the state system successful and practiced. From the ancient time, the same diplomacy has been going on. There are two aspects of diplomatic mobility.

     a.   Visible diplomatic representatives,
     b.   Invisible diplomatic cadres.

 a.   Visible diplomatic representatives:-

The ambassador, councilor, adviser, military and technical attaché come under the visible diplomatic corps of the concerned countries. These officers proffer solutions to political, economic, social military, technical problems in the host countries. The diplomatic relationship between two countries is handled by of these officers. If their activities are found hostile, the host country can deport them by executing persona non-grata.

b.   Invisible diplomatic cadre.
Developed countries deploy invisible diplomatic cadres in the diplomatic mission. Those cadres stay in the hosted country clandestinely. Those invisible diplomats are organized into different levels. Officers, representatives of the central investigation, military, police, intelligence of developed countries are mobilized in this type of representation. The invisible diplomats are deployed in the cover of businessmen, religious teachers, social service provider or common people and so on. The poor country does not notice about the network of invisible diplomats. The developed countries give great importance to the report submitted by those invisible diplomats while making foreign policies. It is clear from this evidence that invisible diplomats are more powerful then visible diplomats.
Colonialism is established based on the statements and facts given above. The colonists adopt and implement any possible strategy and policy to extend their colonialism. Colonialism itself refers to control and exploitation .The people of the poor countries are being troubled by the economic, political and cultural exploitation. But, certain tactful persons / group of such victimized countries are getting benefit from that situation. This discrimination is the main reason for corruption. If policy, plan and procedure of anticorruptology are effectively implemented, colonialism practiced from the time immemorial can be abolished.
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